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Education and London Missionary Society policy in their Cape and Bechuana missions from 1800 to 1925

Goulstone George, John (1987) Education and London Missionary Society policy in their Cape and Bechuana missions from 1800 to 1925. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent. (doi:10.22024/UniKent/01.02.94363) (KAR id:94363)


This study is concerned with the origins and implementation of the London Missionary Society's educational policy in Southern Africa during the nineteenth century. Education is understood in this context to comprehend not only formal schooling, but informal processes of acculturation for African peoples in mission stations and institutions, including the political activity of missionaries facilitating such transformations. This definition is in line with general objectives of Protestant mission education (the Edinburgh Missionary Conference, 1910 - the Burton Commission, 1922 - Goodall, 1954), which were intended to foster personal evangelisation; to produce indigenous Christian leaders; to develop just, moral communities of Christian converts. Van der Kemp, the first L.M.S. missionary leader was "sui generis" but his Khoi (Hottentot) policy was adapted by John Philip (Cape Superintendent from 1821-1854), a "developer" and humanitarian imperialist. Philip advocated formal schooling and informal acculturation of Khoi peoples, so that, occupying "buffer" states (the Kat River Protectorate and Griqualand), their newly-acquired Christian values, and entrepreneurial attitudes could filter through to the African peoples beyond. To clarify Philip's strategy, two L.M.S. proselytising traditions - here termed "dialectic" and "dialogic" - are analysed.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
DOI/Identification number: 10.22024/UniKent/01.02.94363
Additional information: This thesis has been digitised by EThOS, the British Library digitisation service, for purposes of preservation and dissemination. It was uploaded to KAR on 25 April 2022 in order to hold its content and record within University of Kent systems. It is available Open Access using a Creative Commons Attribution, Non-commercial, No Derivatives ( licence so that the thesis and its author, can benefit from opportunities for increased readership and citation. This was done in line with University of Kent policies ( If you feel that your rights are compromised by open access to this thesis, or if you would like more information about its availability, please contact us at and we will seriously consider your claim under the terms of our Take-Down Policy (
Uncontrolled keywords: Education policy, South Africa, London Missionary Society
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BV Practical Theology > BV1460 Religious Education
D History General and Old World > D History (General)
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Arts and Humanities > School of History
SWORD Depositor: SWORD Copy
Depositing User: SWORD Copy
Date Deposited: 09 May 2023 11:02 UTC
Last Modified: 09 May 2023 11:03 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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