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Electroencephalogram based brain-computer interface: An introduction

Palaniappan, Ramaswamy (2014) Electroencephalogram based brain-computer interface: An introduction. In: Miranda, Eduardo and Castest, Julien, eds. Guide to Brain-Computer Music Interfacing. Springer, New York, NY, USA, pp. 29-41. ISBN 978-1-4471-6583-5. E-ISBN 978-1-4471-6584-2. (doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-6584-2_2) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals are useful for diagnosing various mental conditions such as epilepsy, memory impairments and sleep disorders. Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) is a revolutionary new area using EEG that is most use-ful for the severely disabled individuals for hands-off device control and commu-nication as they create a direct interface from the brain to the external environ-ment, therefore circumventing the use of peripheral muscles and limbs. However, being non-invasive, BCI designs are not necessarily limited to this user group and other applications for gaming, music, biometrics etc have been developed more recently. This chapter will give an introduction to EEG based BCI and existing methodologies; specifically those based on transient and steady state evoked po-tentials, mental tasks and motor imagery will be described. Two real-life scenarios of EEG based BCI applications in biometrics and device control will also be brief-ly explored. Finally, current challenges and future trends of this technology will be summarized.

Item Type: Book section
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/978-1-4471-6584-2_2
Subjects: M Music and Books on Music > M Music
Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 76 Software, computer programming, > QA76.9.H85 Human computer interaction
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > School of Music and Fine Art
Faculties > Sciences > School of Computing > Data Science
Faculties > University wide - Teaching/Research Groups > Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience and Cognitive Systems
Depositing User: Palaniappan Ramaswamy
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2016 12:40 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 17:06 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/54540 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Palaniappan, Ramaswamy: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5296-8396
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