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Depressive traits are associated with a reduced effect of choice on intentional binding

Scott, N.J., Ghanem, M., Beck, B., Martin, Andrew K. (2022) Depressive traits are associated with a reduced effect of choice on intentional binding. Consciousness and Cognition, 105 . Article Number 103412. ISSN 1053-8100. (doi:10.1016/j.concog.2022.103412) (KAR id:96924)


A sense of agency (SoA) over wilful actions is thought to be dependent on the level of choice and the nature of the outcome. In a preregistered study, we manipulated choice and valence of outcome to assess the relationship between SoA across the depression and psychosis continuum. Participants (N = 151) completed a Libet Clock task, in which they had either a free or forced choice to press one of two buttons and received either a rewarding or punishing outcome. Participants also completed questionnaires on depressive and psychosis-like traits. Rewarding outcomes increased intentional binding. The evidence favoured no effect of choice on average, but this was influenced by inter-individual differences. Individuals reporting more depressive traits had less of a difference in intentional binding between free and forced choice conditions. We show that implicit SoA is sensitive to outcome valence and the effect of choice differs across the depression continuum.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.concog.2022.103412
Uncontrolled keywords: Sense of agency, Depression, Psychosis, Valence, Retrospective, Choice
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF41 Psychology and philosophy
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Funders: University of Kent (
Depositing User: Andrew Martin
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2022 12:33 UTC
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2023 09:06 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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