Skip to main content

Transport policies in London 1965-1980: A study of political conflict and social injustice

Filion, Pierre (1983) Transport policies in London 1965-1980: A study of political conflict and social injustice. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent. (doi:10.22024/UniKent/01.02.94348) (KAR id:94348)


This thesis is a study of political decision-making processes related to transport matters. It explores the factors underlying these decisions and their social impact. The thesis is divided into three parts. Part One constitutes a theoretical discussion of themes related to the study of urban transport policies: the urban phenomenon, the state, and transport planning. In Part Two, the history of transport policies in London is related. The period between 1965 and 1980 is studied in detail while the decades before 1965 are briefly examined to provide a background. Finally in Part Three, the history of the period under consideration is discussed in the light of the theoretical developments of Part One. One of the main points raised by this discussion is that elected members respond to pressures from non-state organisations which are likely to yield electoral and economic impacts. It also appeared that the discrepancy between large scale plans and modest implementations which characterises the period under study was the result of the behaviour of members of organisational group, i.e. planners and elected members, working within the state and each pursuing their own interests. The major point raised in the thesis is that low income groups in London suffered disproportionally from negative consequences of transport policies and trends. This was accounted for by the fact that these groups have less political strength than other groups and that their limited means do not allow them to escape deteriorating modes of transport by using other ones.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
DOI/Identification number: 10.22024/UniKent/01.02.94348
Additional information: This thesis has been digitised by EThOS, the British Library digitisation service, for purposes of preservation and dissemination. It was uploaded to KAR on 25 April 2022 in order to hold its content and record within University of Kent systems. It is available Open Access using a Creative Commons Attribution, Non-commercial, No Derivatives ( licence so that the thesis and its author, can benefit from opportunities for increased readership and citation. This was done in line with University of Kent policies ( If you feel that your rights are compromised by open access to this thesis, or if you would like more information about its availability, please contact us at and we will seriously consider your claim under the terms of our Take-Down Policy (
Uncontrolled keywords: Urban planning, urban transport, public transport, London, political conflict, social injustice
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and Communications
J Political Science > JN Political institutions and public administration (Europe) > JN101 Great Britain
J Political Science > JS Local government. Municipal government
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research
SWORD Depositor: SWORD Copy
Depositing User: SWORD Copy
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2023 13:55 UTC
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2023 13:55 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.