Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Meta-analysis of outdoor thermal comfort surveys in different European cities using the RUROS database: The role of background climate and gender

Chen, Liang, Kántor, Noémi, Nikolopoulou, Marialena (2022) Meta-analysis of outdoor thermal comfort surveys in different European cities using the RUROS database: The role of background climate and gender. Energy and Buildings, 256 . Article Number 111757. ISSN 0378-7788. (doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2021.111757) (KAR id:92280)

PDF Author's Accepted Manuscript
Language: English
Download this file
[thumbnail of ENB_111757.pdf]
Request a format suitable for use with assistive technology e.g. a screenreader
PDF Publisher pdf
Language: English

Restricted to Repository staff only
Contact us about this Publication
[thumbnail of EnB_RUROS.pdf]
Official URL:


Systematic comparisons of subjective thermal assessments among different geographical locations and between different genders are quite limited. This paper presents a meta-analysis using the data of comprehensive European outdoor thermal comfort (OTC) surveys. The aim is to reveal the common traits and the major differences regarding the subjective thermal perception and sun preference of residents in different European cities while taking great emphasis on the role of genders. The analysis relies on the RUROS (Rediscovering the Urban Realm and Open Spaces) project which was conducted in seven European cities, and the Hungarian OTC project. Only acclimatized local residents were considered to reflect the geographical and possibly cultural differences among the population of the investigated cities. The resulted neutral temperature values – expressed in terms of Physiologically Equivalent Temperature (PET) and determined by means of regression analysis – showed strong correlation with the long-term climatic characteristics, and narrower neutral zone was found at those locations where the annual temperature amplitude was small. Inhabitants of sunny and warm cities did not prefer more sunshine even when the actual sunshine value was low, while where the annual amount of sunshine was low the people showed greater sun preference. European women were found to perceive the thermal conditions as neutral under slightly warmer conditions than men and showed greater sensitivity to the changes of the environmental conditions. This was evidenced by narrower neutral PET zone of females and stronger correlation between their sun preference and the actual value of solar radiation.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2021.111757
Uncontrolled keywords: Physiologically equivalent temperature, Neutral temperature, Sun preference, Gender differences, Thermal adaptation
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Arts and Humanities > Kent School of Architecture and Planning
Depositing User: Marialena Nikolopoulou
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2021 19:36 UTC
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2024 00:45 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Nikolopoulou, Marialena.

Creator's ORCID:
CReDIT Contributor Roles:
  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.