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Formalizing Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining in Mozambique: Concerns, Priorities and Challenges

Hilson, G., Mondlane, Salvador, Hilson, A., Arnall, Alex, Laing, Tim (2021) Formalizing Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining in Mozambique: Concerns, Priorities and Challenges. Resources Policy, 71 . Article Number 102001. ISSN 0301-4207. (doi:10.1016/j.resourpol.2021.102001) (KAR id:85609)


This paper reflects critically on efforts made to formalize artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) – low-tech, labour-intensive mineral extraction and processing – in Mozambique. Drawing on findings from interviews with policymakers, representatives from ASM associations and consultations with 200 individual miners, the paper captures the details of the country’s ASM formalization experience. Findings reveal that despite showing considerable promise at first, the drive to formalize ASM in Mozambique, which spans three decades, has lost considerable momentum. A bureaucratic licensing scheme, overlapping responsibilities at the Estatuto Orgânico do Ministério dos Recursos Minerais e Energia (MIREME), and a shortage of information about miners have contributed to this slowdown. The themes underpinning the efforts to formalize ASM in Mozambique are not new but the case itself has its own unique nuances and storylines.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2021.102001
Uncontrolled keywords: Small-Scale Mining, Mozambique, Formalizing, Extractives, Informal Economy
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Divisions: Divisions > Kent Business School - Division > Department of Accounting and Finance
Signature Themes: Food Systems, Natural Resources and Environment, Future Human
Funders: International Growth Centre (
Depositing User: Abby Hilson
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2021 23:56 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2024 16:59 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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