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Domain of validity framework: a new instructional theory for addressing students’ preconceptions in science and engineering

Sommeillier, Raoul, Quinlan, Kathleen M., Robert, Frédéric (2020) Domain of validity framework: a new instructional theory for addressing students’ preconceptions in science and engineering. Studies in Science Education, . ISSN 0305-7267. E-ISSN 1940-8412. (doi:10.1080/03057267.2020.1824472) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:84130)

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Abstract

We propose a new instructional theory, the Domain of Validity (DoV) Framework, which offers a new way forward for designing teaching for conceptual change, while also resolving conflicts between existing theories related to common, difficult-to-change conceptions students have about particular scientific topics. We propose that knowledge consists of two connected elements: a model and a domain of validity (or DoV). Foregrounding the notion of DoV for given models allows us to reconceptualise and diagnose many problematic preconceptions as examples of an oversized DoV. Mapping the different elements of knowledge – both the model and its domain of validity – allows teachers to pinpoint precisely the cognitive conflict that students need to confront in a conceptual change approach to teaching. We highlight the instructional implications related to these scientific learning difficulties and conclude by proposing particular teaching strategies based on this new framework, emphasising the domains of validity of particular scientific models.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/03057267.2020.1824472
Uncontrolled keywords: misconception; conceptual change; science education; model-based learning; threshold concept
Subjects: L Education
Divisions: Divisions > Directorate of Education > Centre for the Study of Higher Education
Depositing User: Kathleen Quinlan
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2020 11:07 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:16 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/84130 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Sommeillier, Raoul: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4903-3386
Quinlan, Kathleen M.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3606-4148
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