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Language disorders and autism: Implications for usage-based theories of language development

Abbot-Smith, Kirsten (2020) Language disorders and autism: Implications for usage-based theories of language development. In: Rowland, Caroline and Theakston, Anna and Ambridge, Ben and Twomey, Katherine, eds. Current Perspectives on Child Language Acquisition: How children use their environment to learn. Trends in Language Acquisition Research . John Benjamins, pp. 287-321. ISBN 978-90-272-0707-4. (doi:10.1075/tilar) (KAR id:80880)

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Abstract

Usage-based theories explain language development in terms of the specific characteristics of language input in combination with a child’s own inherent ability to engage in shared intentionality and statistical learning. In this chapter, I discuss these mechanisms in relation to evidence from Developmental Language Disorders (DLD) and Autism. First, there is evidence for the role of language input in both conditions. The specific patterns of morpho-syntax impairments in DLD are clearly affected by the relative perceptual salience, frequency and complexity of morpho-syntax in the specific language a child is acquiring. Regarding autism, the grammatical complexity of parental child-directed utterances predicts child vocabulary and morpho-syntactic skills at later time-points. Nonetheless, both conditions are highly heritable, raising questions about the child-internal mechanisms leading to language learning difficulties. Impairments in statistical learning could potentially account for morpho-syntactic difficulties in DLD. However, any firm conclusions await assessments of statistical learning which have good test – retest reliability. Autistic children might plausibly tend to have difficulties with – or lack motivation for – engaging in shared intentionality. If verified, this could account for patterns of relatively spared nuts-and-bolts (structural, core) language in the face of pragmatic language difficulties. However, to date studies of autistic difficulties with shared intentionality have not stringently ruled out alternative explanations. Both DLD and autism are likely to exist on a continuum with the neuro-typical population. Future research needs to move towards designs which can more fully accommodate the vast heterogeneity that exists within both DLD and autism.

Item Type: Book section
DOI/Identification number: 10.1075/tilar
Uncontrolled keywords: autism; children; Developmental Language Disorder; usage-based; shared intentionality; pragmatics; statistical learning
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF41 Psychology and philosophy
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Developmental Psychology
Depositing User: Kirsten Abbot-Smith
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2020 11:17 UTC
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2020 14:41 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/80880 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Abbot-Smith, Kirsten: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8623-0664
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