Skip to main content

Density and coverage values as indicators of thermal diversity in open spaces: Comparative analysis of London and Paris based on sun and wind shadow maps

Chatzipoulka, Christina, Steemers, Koen, Nikolopoulou, Marialena (2020) Density and coverage values as indicators of thermal diversity in open spaces: Comparative analysis of London and Paris based on sun and wind shadow maps. Cities, 100 . ISSN 0264-2751. (doi:10.1016/j.cities.2020.102645) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:80319)

PDF Publisher pdf
Language: English

Restricted to Repository staff only
Contact us about this Publication
[thumbnail of Cities-2020.pdf]
Official URL
https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2020.102645

Abstract

Thermal diversity in open spaces is deemed highly desirable as it can enhance humans' thermal experience and thus, the use of the urban space. This study explores the occurrence of spatial thermal diversity in open spaces in London and Paris, focusing on two parameters affecting the thermal environment. The method employed is based on the mapping of combined availability of sun and wind using DEMs and image processing techniques. The aim is to contribute to establishing a methodology for the assessment of thermal diversity, and to examine the relationship between this and the urban density and coverage variables.

A mathematical formula for quantifying thermal diversity is proposed, and used for computing average and instantaneous values for 132 urban forms. The relationship of thermal diversity with the two variables is found to be statistically significant (R\(^2\) > 0.5), and best fit is achieved by polynomial curves. Solving the equations, the density and coverage values that maximize thermal diversity are identified for the two cities. To interpret the findings, the effect of built obstruction on the occurrence of the four microclimatic combinations considered (i.e. sunny-windy, sunny-lee, shaded-lee, shaded-windy) is examined. Lastly, examples of urban forms are discussed in relation to their geometry and performance.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.cities.2020.102645
Uncontrolled keywords: Urban microclimate, Outdoor thermal comfort, Urban form, Urban geometry, Density, DEMs
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Arts and Humanities > Kent School of Architecture and Planning
Depositing User: Marialena Nikolopoulou
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2020 22:10 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:11 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/80319 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Chatzipoulka, Christina: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4373-6918
Nikolopoulou, Marialena: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0528-2145
  • Depositors only (login required):

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year