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Towards Determinants and Effects of Long-Term Mindfulness Training in Pre-Adolescence: A Cross-Sectional Study Using Event-Related Potentials

Wimmer, Lena Franziska, Dorjee, Dusana (2020) Towards Determinants and Effects of Long-Term Mindfulness Training in Pre-Adolescence: A Cross-Sectional Study Using Event-Related Potentials. Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology, . ISSN 1945-8959. E-ISSN 1810-7621. (doi:10.1891/JCEP-D-19-00029) (KAR id:80197)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/JCEP-D-19-00029

Abstract

The present study presents the first attempt at investigating long-term mindfulness training in pre-adolescence, adopting an integrative neurodevelopmental approach. Pupils with an established mindfulness practice (n=33) were compared with mindfulnessinexperienced pupils (n=20) on dispositional mindfulness, executive functioning (EF), emotion regulation, and well-being. We also investigated whether increased well-being in mindfulness-experienced pre-adolescents would be mediated by EF and emotion regulation. Moderating influences of the amount and enjoyment of mindfulness training were considered as well. Self-report questionnaires measured dispositional mindfulness and well-being. Parents assessed n-regulation using the Emotion Regulation Checklist

(ERC). Performance in a Continuous Performance Task and simultaneously recorded ERPs - Cue-P3, CNV, Nogo-N2, Nogo-P3 indexed EF. Interestingly, the two groups of pupils did not differ in their dispositional mindfulness. ERP findings revealed that the mindfulnessexperienced group demonstrated superior EF in terms of response inhibition, but inferior EF in terms of cue processing. Although the ERC negativity/lability subscale revealed an advantage for the mindfulness-experienced group, no group differences were observed for the ERC emotion regulation subscale or well-being. Mediation analysis results did not support the assumption that mindfulness training leads to increased well-being via improvements in EF and emotion regulation. While outcomes were not moderated by amount of mindfulness practice, enjoying mindfulness was negatively associated with indicators of well-being and EF.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1891/JCEP-D-19-00029
Uncontrolled keywords: mindfulness; children; executive function; well-being; event-related potential; neuroscience
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Lena Wimmer
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2020 10:31 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 14:11 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/80197 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Wimmer, Lena Franziska: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8434-1766
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