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Cognitive apprenticeship in clinical practice; Can it be extended to postgraduate psychiatry training programmes?

Shaddel, Farshad, Ghazirad, Marjan, O'Leary, Denise, Quinlan, Kathleen M., Hafferty, Jonathan, Bajorek, Tomasz (2016) Cognitive apprenticeship in clinical practice; Can it be extended to postgraduate psychiatry training programmes? Mathews Journal of Psychiatry and Mental Health, 1 (2). ISSN 2474-7564. (KAR id:78568)


Introduction: Postgraduate psychiatry training occurs in the workplace or situated learning settings. The Cognitive Apprenticeship Model [CAM] was introduced as an instructional model for situated learning. While undergraduate medical students' experience of the model has been tested, to our knowledge there has been no such reports from postgraduate psychiatry training. Methods: We surveyed 134 Oxford Deanery psychiatry trainees recruited between 2005 and 2013 through an online questionnaire. Respondents identified which CAM components [scaffolding, modelling coaching, articulation, reflection exploration] were the best aspects, and most needing improvement, in their clinical training. Results: Of 57 respondents, 80% were satisfied with and enjoyed [90%] their training. They recognised all individual CAM components; modelling and coaching were identified as the best methods. Exploration was identified as the one most in need of improvement. The behavioural [modelling, coaching and scaffolding] rather than the cognitive methods were identified as the best aspects of their training [54 v 35%, p < 0.001]. Conclusions: The results extend findings from undergraduate students in suggesting that the CAM is a useful model for training strategies. Greater awareness of the cognitive components may be needed. The training methods could be included as indicators of training quality in national quality assurance surveys.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Cognitive Apprenticeship, Postgraduate Psychiatry Training
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA790 Mental health
Divisions: Divisions > Directorate of Education > Centre for the Study of Higher Education
Depositing User: Kathleen Quinlan
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2019 19:50 UTC
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2022 13:58 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Quinlan, Kathleen M..

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