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Cross-ethnic friendship self-efficacy: A new predictor of cross-ethnic friendships among children

Bagci, Sabahat C., Cameron, Lindsey, Turner, Rhiannon N., Morais, Catarina, Carby, Afiya, Ndhlovu, Mirina, Leney, Anaise (2019) Cross-ethnic friendship self-efficacy: A new predictor of cross-ethnic friendships among children. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 23 (7). pp. 1049-1065. ISSN 1368-4302. (doi:10.1177/1368430219879219) (KAR id:78210)


Across two studies (NStudy 1 = 101; NStudy 2 = 262) conducted among children in the UK, we incorporate Bandura’s (1986) self-efficacy theory to intergroup contact literature and introduce the new construct of cross-ethnic friendship self-efficacy (CEFSE), the belief that one can successfully form and maintain high-quality cross-ethnic friendships. Study 1 examined whether sources of CEFSE beliefs (prior contact, indirect contact, social norms, and intergroup anxiety) predicted higher quality cross-ethnic friendships through CEFSE. Study 2 replicated Study 1 and extended it by including perceived parental cross-ethnic friendship quality as a further predictor. In both studies, sources of self-efficacy beliefs (except social norms) were related to CEFSE, which predicted higher quality cross-ethnic friendships. Study 2 demonstrated that parental cross-ethnic friendships had direct and indirect associations with children’s cross-ethnic friendships through sources of CEFSE and CEFSE beliefs. Findings are discussed in the light of self-efficacy and intergroup contact theories.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/1368430219879219
Uncontrolled keywords: children, cross-ethnic friendships, intergroup contact, parents, self-efficacy
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Lindsey Cameron
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2019 05:31 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2024 17:31 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Cameron, Lindsey.

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Morais, Catarina.

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