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The Force Publique’s Campaigns in the Congo-Arab War, 1892-1894

Draper, Mario A. (2019) The Force Publique’s Campaigns in the Congo-Arab War, 1892-1894. Small Wars and Insurgencies, 30 (4-5). pp. 1020-1039. ISSN 0959-2318. (doi:10.1080/09592318.2019.1638553) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:75365)

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Between 1892 and 1894 the Force Publique of King Leopold II’s Congo Free State engaged in a series of little-known counter-insurgency operations against ivory and slave traders from Zanzibar, commonly referred to as Arabs. Without a particularly strong tradition of imperial service, this article argues that the predominantly Belgian officer corps borrowed and adapted methods used by more experienced colonial forces in the 19th Century. Whether taken from existing literature or learned through experience, it reveals that the Force Publique’s counter-insurgency methods reflected many of the more recognisable aspects of traditional French and British approaches. It suggests that, despite the unique nature of each colonial campaign, basic principles could be adapted by whomsoever to overcome the military and political challenges of colonial conquest. The Force Publique’s campaigns in the Congo-Arab War, therefore, provide further evidence as to how some base theories could be universally applied.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/09592318.2019.1638553
Uncontrolled keywords: Congo Free State, slavery, learning, tradition, Belgium, firepower, mobility, politics
Divisions: Faculties > Humanities > School of History
Depositing User: Mario Draper
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2019 12:36 UTC
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2020 13:12 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Draper, Mario A.:
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