Bioarchaeology of Neolithic Çatalhöyük Reveals Fundamental Transitions in Health, Mobility, and Lifestyle in Early Farmers

Larsen, Clark Spencer, Knüsel, Christopher J., Haddow, Scott D., Pilloud, Marin A., Milella, Marco, Sadvari, Joshua W., Pearson, Jessica, Ruff, Christopher B., Garofalo, Evan M., Bocaege, Emmy, and others. (2019) Bioarchaeology of Neolithic Çatalhöyük Reveals Fundamental Transitions in Health, Mobility, and Lifestyle in Early Farmers. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, . ISSN 0027-8424. (doi:10.1073/pnas.1904345116)

PDF - Author's Accepted Manuscript
Download (187kB) Preview
[img]
Preview
PDF (Figure 1) - Supplemental Material
Download (682kB) Preview
[img]
Preview
PDF (Figure 2) - Supplemental Material
Download (225kB) Preview
[img]
Preview
PDF (Table 1) - Supplemental Material
Download (17kB) Preview
[img]
Preview
Official URL
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1904345116

Abstract

The transition from a human diet based exclusively on wild plants and animals to one involving dependence on domesticated plants and animals beginning 10,000 to 11,000 y ago in Southwest Asia set into motion a series of profound health, lifestyle, social, and economic changes affecting human populations throughout most of the world. However, the social, cultural, behavioral, and other factors surrounding health and lifestyle associated with the foraging-to-farming transition are vague, owing to an incomplete or poorly understood contextual archaeological record of living conditions. Bioarchaeological investigation of the extraordinary record of human remains and their context from Neolithic Çatalhöyük (7100–5950 cal BCE), a massive archaeological site in south-central Anatolia (Turkey), provides important perspectives on population dynamics, health outcomes, behavioral adaptations, interpersonal conflict, and a record of community resilience over the life of this single early farming settlement having the attributes of a protocity. Study of Çatalhöyük human biology reveals increasing costs to members of the settlement, including elevated exposure to disease and labor demands in response to community dependence on and production of domesticated plant carbohydrates, growing population size and density fueled by elevated fertility, and increasing stresses due to heightened workload and greater mobility required for caprine herding and other resource acquisition activities over the nearly 12 centuries of settlement occupation. These changes in life conditions foreshadow developments that would take place worldwide over the millennia following the abandonment of Neolithic Çatalhöyük, including health challenges, adaptive patterns, physical activity, and emerging social behaviors involving interpersonal violence.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1073/pnas.1904345116
Uncontrolled keywords: Neolithic farmers, Turkey, bioarchaeology, health, lifestyle
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Depositing User: E. Bocaege
Date Deposited: 14 May 2019 14:39 UTC
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2019 09:26 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/73900 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
  • Depositors only (login required):

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year