Larger gains from improved management over sparing–sharing for tropical forests

Runting, Rebecca and Ruslandi, Ruslandi and Griscom, Bronson and Struebig, Matthew J. and Satar, Musnanda and Meijaard, Erik and Burivalova, Zuzuna and Cheyne, Susan M. and Deere, Nicolas and Game, Edward and Putz, FE and Wells, Jessie and Wilting, Andreas and Ancrenaz, Marc and Ellis, Peter and Khan, Faisal and Leavitt, Sarah and Marshall, Andrew J. and Possingham, Hugh P. and Watson, James E.M. and Venter, Oscar (2019) Larger gains from improved management over sparing–sharing for tropical forests. Nature Sustainability, 2 . pp. 53-61. ISSN 2398-9629. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-018-0203-0) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

Tropical forests are globally significant for both biodiversity conservation and the production of economically valuable wood products. Two contrasting approaches have been suggested to simultaneously produce timber and conserve biodiversity; one partitions forests to deliver these objectives separately (sparing), the other integrates both objectives in the same location (sharing). To date, the ‘sparing or sharing’ debate has focused on agricultural landscapes, with scant attention paid to forest management. Here we explored the sparing-to-sharing continuum through spatial optimisations with set economic returns for the forests of East Kalimantan, Indonesia – a global biodiversity hotspot. We found that neither sparing nor sharing extremes are optimal, although the greatest conservation value was attained towards the sparing end of the continuum. Critically, improved management strategies, such as reduced-impact logging, accounted for larger conservation gains than altering the balance between sparing and sharing, particularly for endangered species. Ultimately, debating sparing versus sharing has limited value while large gains remain from improving forest management.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH75 Conservation (Biology)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Matthew Struebig
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2019 10:26 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2019 14:27 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/70188 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Struebig, Matthew J.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2058-8502
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