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The impact of urban compactness, comfort strategies and energy consumption on tropical urban heat island intensity: a review

Giridharan, R., Emmanuel, R. (2018) The impact of urban compactness, comfort strategies and energy consumption on tropical urban heat island intensity: a review. Sustainable Cities and Society, 40 . pp. 677-687. ISSN 2210-6707. (doi:10.1016/j.scs.2018.01.024) (KAR id:65769)


The importance of studying tropical urban climate was recognised by the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) as early as in 1981 but substantial improvements were seen only in the last two decades. However specific knowledge of tropical urban climate still lags behind that of temperate climate. In this paper, authors review the state of the art in tropical heat island intensity, its influence on building energy consumption and the effect of urban compactness in the tropics. The review is limited to peer-reviewed journal publications found on four databases: Web of Science, Scopus, Google Scholar and Science Direct.

The review indicates that although the tropical belt has large variations in topography, forest cover, land mass and development patterns, much of the current work is confined largely to Far East Asia, South Asia and South America. Future studies should focus on protocol for parameterisation and standardisation of measurement, in depth and scientific understanding of the influence of vegetation, water and topography, survey and monitoring of the context specific relationship between UHI and energy consumption, development of database for numerical model validation and improvement, and the context specific development of LCZ based institutional framework to integrate UHI mitigation strategies with environmental design guidelines.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.scs.2018.01.024
Uncontrolled keywords: Urban Heat Island (UHI); Tropics; Journal database; Monitoring; Urban compactness; Comfort strategies; Energy; Green infrastructure; Cool material; Modelling
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Arts and Humanities > Kent School of Architecture and Planning
Depositing User: Giridharan Renganathan
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2018 10:29 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2024 18:56 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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