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Cation Distribution and Vacancies in Nickel Cobaltite

Loche, Danilo, Marras, Claudia, Carta, Daniela, CASULA, Maria Francesca Francesca, Mountjoy, Gavin, Corrias, Anna (2017) Cation Distribution and Vacancies in Nickel Cobaltite. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 19 (25). pp. 16775-16784. ISSN 1463-9076. E-ISSN 1463-9084. (doi:10.1039/C7CP02260C)

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Official URL
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C7CP02260C

Abstract

Samples of nickel cobaltite, a mixed oxide occurring in the spinel structure which is currently extensively investigated because of its prospective application as ferromagnetic, electrocatalytic, and cost-effective energy storage material were prepared in the form of nanocrystals stabilized in a highly porous silica aerogel and as unsupported nanoparticles. Nickel cobaltite nanocrystals with average size 4 nm are successfully grown for the first time into the silica aerogel provided that a controlled oxidation of the metal precursor phases is carried out, consisting in a reduction under H2 flow followed by mild oxidation in air. The investigation of the average oxidation state of the cations and of their distribution between the sites within the spinel structure, which is commonly described assuming the Ni cations are only located in the octahedral sites, has been carried out by X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy providing evidence for the first time that the unsupported nickel cobaltite sample has a Ni:Co molar ratio higher than the nominal ratio of 1:2 and a larger than expected average overall oxidation state of the cobalt and nickel cations. This is achieved retaining the spinel structure, which accommodates vacancies to counterbalance the variation in oxidation state.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1039/C7CP02260C
Subjects: Q Science
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Physical Sciences > Functional Materials Group
Depositing User: Anna Corrias
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2017 13:31 UTC
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2020 04:09 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/62040 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Mountjoy, Gavin: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6495-2006
Corrias, Anna: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5190-8196
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