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Why negotiate when you can criminalise? Lessons for conflict transformation from Northern Ireland and South Africa

Kirkpatrick, Daniel (2017) Why negotiate when you can criminalise? Lessons for conflict transformation from Northern Ireland and South Africa. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, . ISSN 1057-610X. E-ISSN 1521-0731. (doi:10.1080/1057610X.2017.1338055)

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https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2017.1338055

Abstract

Research on negotiating with criminalised actors generally assumes the criminal label as a given, neglecting the significance of criminalisation itself. This article addresses this gap arguing that the processes of criminalisation and decriminalisation embody important incentive structures affecting peace negotiations. Specifically, for conflict transformation to effectively occur, criminalisation needs to be orientated away from a criminalisation of actors and on to specific acts to legitimise nonviolent political expression and negotiations. These arguments will be advanced through a comparative study of Northern Ireland and South Africa, adopting a conflict transformation framework, and drawing on sixty-three original interviews and archival material.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/1057610X.2017.1338055
Uncontrolled keywords: conflict transformation, negotiation, criminalisation, non-violence, decriminalisation
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations
Depositing User: D.W. Kirkpatrick
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2017 08:19 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 19:07 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/61936 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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