Oscillations and Episodic Memory: Addressing the Synchronization/Desynchronization Conundrum

Hanslmayr, S and Staresina, B and Bowman, Howard (2016) Oscillations and Episodic Memory: Addressing the Synchronization/Desynchronization Conundrum. Trends in Neuroscience, 39 (1). pp. 16-25. ISSN 0166-2236. E-ISSN 1878-108X. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tins.2015.11.004) (Full text available)

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Brain oscillations are one of the core mechanisms underlying episodic memory. However, while some studies highlight the role of synchronized oscillatory activity, others highlight the role of desynchronized activity. We here describe a framework to resolve this conundrum and integrate these two opposing oscillatory behaviors. Specifically, we argue that the synchronization and desynchronization reflect a division of labor between a hippocampal and a neocortical system, respectively. We describe a novel oscillatory framework that integrates synchronization and desynchronization mechanisms to explain how the two systems interact in the service of episodic memory.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: episodic memory; oscillations; cross-frequency coupling; alpha/beta; theta; gamma; hippocampus; MTL; complementary learning systems;
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Q Science > QP Physiology (Living systems)
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Computing > Computational Intelligence Group
Depositing User: Howard Bowman
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2016 15:33 UTC
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2017 00:00 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/54575 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Bowman, Howard: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4736-1869
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