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Destination Competitiveness: Evidence from Bali

Chin, Wei Lee, Haddock-Fraser, Janet, Hampton, Mark P. (2017) Destination Competitiveness: Evidence from Bali. Current Issues in Tourism, 20 (12). pp. 1265-1289. ISSN 1368-3500. E-ISSN 1747-7603. (doi:10.1080/13683500.2015.1111315) (KAR id:51088)


Within the dynamic global tourism industry, understanding the reasons for a destination’s competitiveness is essential in order to enhance its performance, facilitate more effective destination management, and inform its overall sustainable economic development. This paper applies Kim and Wicks’ (2010) tourism cluster development model to Bali - a small, mature destination in the developing economy of Indonesia. It demonstrates that there are complex relationships between: (i) cluster actors; (ii) barriers preventing effective networking; and (iii) the significance of these interactions for the local host community. This paper contributes to the debate by addressing new and different attributes and actors such as transnational corporations (TNCs), universities, and the concept of co-opetition, as being significant attributes in Kim and Wicks’ initial model. Through a qualitative approach involving n=23 semi-structured interviews, this paper illustrates intricate issues and relationships that are identified in Bali, a small mature destination. Purposive sampling methods were employed to generate a range of key stakeholders who informed our understanding of ‘cluster actors’ in Kim and Wicks’ terms. The systematic examination of these key tourism elements provides a detailed analysis of the destination’s strengths and weaknesses, and a more nuanced understanding of what facilitates a destination’s competitive position.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1080/13683500.2015.1111315
Uncontrolled keywords: destination competitiveness; cluster theory; impacts; island tourism; Indonesia
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation. Leisure
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: Divisions > Kent Business School - Division > Department of Leadership and Management
Depositing User: Mark Hampton
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2015 18:20 UTC
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2022 23:34 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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