University patenting and technology commercialization - legal frameworks and the importance of local practice

Weckowska, Dagmara M. and Molas-Gallart, Jordi and Tang, Puay and Twigg, David and Castro-Martínez, Elena and Kije?ska-D?browska, Izabela and Libaers, Dirk and Debackere, Koenraad and Meyer, Martin S. (2015) University patenting and technology commercialization - legal frameworks and the importance of local practice. R&D Management, 48 (1). pp. 88-108. ISSN 0033-6807. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/radm.12123) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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Abstract

The impact of national legislative frameworks on the higher education sector's contribution to technological innovation is heavily disputed. This paper argues that legislative frameworks may stimulate the development of local practices for the management and exploitation of intellectual property (IP), which in turn determine the level of academic patenting. We present case studies of two comparable universities in each of four selected European countries with different histories of national IP legislation. A within-country analysis shows that a wider range and earlier development of local IP management and exploitation practices are accompanied by higher levels of academic patenting, and that increasing similarity of IP practices is associated with decreasing differences in patenting outputs. A preliminary cross-country analysis reveals an expansion in and increasing similarity of practices for IP management and exploitation in countries with different national IP framework histories. We conclude that adopting Bayh-Dole-like legislation may trigger the development of local IP practices, which stimulate patenting. However, it is not always sufficient and definitely not always necessary. The study concludes with some policy recommendations.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H Social Sciences
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > HF5351 Business
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
L Education > LC Special aspects of education
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School
Faculties > Social Sciences > Kent Business School > International Business and Strategy
Depositing User: Martin Meyer
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2015 13:14 UTC
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2018 12:29 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/47266 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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