Bidirectional transcription of a novel chimeric gene mapping to mouse chromosome Yq.

Ellis, Peter J.I. and Ferguson, Lydia and Clemente, Emily J. and Affara, Nabeel A. (2007) Bidirectional transcription of a novel chimeric gene mapping to mouse chromosome Yq. BMC evolutionary biology, 7 . p. 171. ISSN 1471-2148. (Full text available)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND The male-specific region of the mouse Y chromosome long arm (MSYq) contains three known highly multi-copy X-Y homologous gene families, Ssty1/2, Sly and Asty. Deletions on MSYq lead to teratozoospermia and subfertility or infertility, with a sex ratio skew in the offspring of subfertile MSYqdel males RESULTS We report the highly unusual genomic structure of a novel MSYq locus, Orly, and a diverse set of spermatid-specific transcripts arising from copies of this locus. Orly is composed of partial copies of Ssty1, Asty and Sly arranged in sequence. The Ssty1- and Sly-derived segments are in antisense orientation relative to each other, leading to bi-directional transcription of Orly. Genome search and phylogenetic tree analysis is used to determine the order of events in mouse Yq evolution. We find that Orly is the most recent gene to arise on Yq, and that subsequently there was massive expansion in copy number of all Yq-linked genes. CONCLUSION Orly has an unprecedented chimeric structure, and generates both "forward" (Orly) and "reverse" (Orlyos) transcripts arising from the promoters at each end of the locus. The region of overlap of known Orly and Orlyos transcripts is homologous to Sly intron 2. We propose that Orly may be involved in an intragenomic conflict between mouse X and Y chromosomes, and that this process underlies the massive expansion in copy number of the genes on MSYq and their X homologues.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Q Science > QP Physiology (Living systems) > QP506 Molecular biology
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Biosciences
Depositing User: Peter Ellis
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2015 17:12 UTC
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2015 13:56 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/46557 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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