Two Faces of Group-Based Shame: Moral Shame and Image Shame Differentially Predict Positive and Negative Orientations to Ingroup Wrongdoing

Allpress, Jesse A. and Brown, Rupert and Giner-Sorolla, Roger and Deonna, Julien A. and Teroni, Fabrice (2014) Two Faces of Group-Based Shame: Moral Shame and Image Shame Differentially Predict Positive and Negative Orientations to Ingroup Wrongdoing. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 40 (10). pp. 1270-1284. ISSN 0146-1672. E-ISSN 1552-7433. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167214540724) (Full text available)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0146167214540724

Abstract

This article proposes distinctions between guilt and two forms of shame: Guilt arises from a violated norm and is characterized by a focus on specific behavior; shame can be characterized by a threatened social image (Image Shame) or a threatened moral essence (Moral Shame). Applying this analysis to group-based emotions, three correlational studies are reported, set in the context of atrocities committed by (British) ingroup members during the Iraq war (Ns = 147, 256, 399). Results showed that the two forms of shame could be distinguished. Moreover, once the other form of shame was controlled for, they were differentially related to orientations toward the outgroup: Image Shame was associated with negative orientations, whereas Moral Shame had associations with positive outgroup orientations. These associations were distinct from the associations of guilt and rejection. Study 3 used a longitudinal design and provided evidence suggestive of a causal direction from emotions to outgroup orientation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: shame ; guilt ; apology ; avoidance
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Social Psychology
Depositing User: Roger Giner-Sorolla
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2014 10:59 UTC
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2015 13:54 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/45001 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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