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Aerobic Exercise Is Promoted when Individual Performance Affects the Group: A Test of the Kohler Motivation Gain Effect

Irwin, Brandon C., Scorniaenchi, Jennifer, Kerr, Norbert L., Eisenmann, Joey C., Feltz, Deborah L. (2012) Aerobic Exercise Is Promoted when Individual Performance Affects the Group: A Test of the Kohler Motivation Gain Effect. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 44 (2). pp. 151-159. ISSN 0883-6612. E-ISSN 1532-4796. (doi:10.1007/s12160-012-9367-4) (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12160-012-9367-4

Abstract

Background A key barrier to achieving recommended in- tensity and duration of physical activity is motivation. Purpose We investigated whether a virtually present partner would influence participants’ motivation (duration) during aerobic exercise. Method Fifty-eight females (M=020.54±1.86) were randomly assigned to either a coactive condition (exercising alongside another person, independently), a conjunctive condition (performance determined by whichever partner stops exercising first) where they exercised with a superior partner, or to an individual condition. Participants exercised on a stationary bike at 65 % of heart rate reserve on six separate days. Results Across sessions, conjunctive condition participants exercised significantly longer (M=21.89 min, SD=±10.08 min) than those in coactive (M019.77 min, SD0±9.00min) and individual (M010.6 min, SD0±5.84 min) conditions (p<0.05). Conclusion Exercising with a virtually present partner can improve performance on an aerobic exercise task across multiple sessions.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/s12160-012-9367-4
Uncontrolled keywords: Group performance,Group exercise,Exergame,Köhler effect,Motivation,Exercise partner
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Psychology > Social Psychology
Depositing User: Norbert L Kerr
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2014 20:31 UTC
Last Modified: 29 May 2019 12:39 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/41324 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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