Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Shedding Light on Causation between ISO 9000 and Improved Business Performance.

Dick, Gavin P.M., Casadesus, Marti, Heras?Saizarbitoria, Iñaki (2006) Shedding Light on Causation between ISO 9000 and Improved Business Performance. In: Proceedings American Academy of Management Conference 2006. . American Academy of Management (KAR id:37765)

Microsoft Word (Shedding Light on Causation between ISO 9000 and Improved Business Performance.)
Language: English
Download this file
(Microsoft Word/196kB)
[thumbnail of Shedding Light on Causation between ISO 9000 and Improved Business Performance.]
Request a format suitable for use with assistive technology e.g. a screenreader


ISO 9000 Management Systems adoption (QCert) has proven to be a persistent and growing phenomenon, yet to date little research has been done that can safely attribute improved business performance benefits to it. The paper examines the evidence for the causal links between QCert and improved performance in the empirical literature. Tests for attribution of performance improvement are proposed that analyze, effect, cause and effect size and these are illustrated to show how they influence the interpretation of results. The attribution testing method is then used to interpret the results of two USA and two European longitudinal studies and the analyses show that reverse causation is a major mechanism that explains the superior performance of the certified firms. The analyses cast doubt on any inference of attribution being drawn from the broad literature that finds an association of ISO 9000 accreditation with better business performance since it indicates that the strongest direction of causality is that firms with superior performance are more likely to have certification, not that certified firms are more likely to have superior performance. The findings have profound implications for the interpretation of causation in the substantial literature that shows QCert is associated with improved business performance. For researchers the paper provides a logic for testing the influence of reverse causation on results and demonstrates the potential confusion of attribution in research designs that can only infer causation.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Paper)
Uncontrolled keywords: Causality, ISO 9000, Performance
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: Divisions > Kent Business School - Division > Kent Business School (do not use)
Depositing User: Gavin Dick
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2014 15:30 UTC
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2021 10:14 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Dick, Gavin P.M..

Creator's ORCID:
CReDIT Contributor Roles:
  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.