The value of avian genomics to the conservation of wildlife

Romanov, Michael N and Tuttle, Elaina M. and Houck, Marlys L. and Modi, William S. and Chemnick, Leona G. and Korody, Marisa L. and Stremel Mork, Emily M. and Otten, Christie A. and Renner, Tanya and Jones, Kenneth C. and Dandekar, Sugandha and Papp, Jeanette C. and Da, Yang and Green, Eric D. and Magrini, Vincent and Hickenbotham, Matthew T. and Glasscock, Jarret and McGrath, Sean and Mardis, Elaine R. and Ryder, Oliver A. (2009) The value of avian genomics to the conservation of wildlife. BMC Genomics, 10 (Supp 2). S10. ISSN 1471-2164. (doi:https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-10-S2-S10) (Full text available)

Abstract

Background: Genomic studies in non-domestic avian models, such as the California condor and white-throated sparrow, can lead to more comprehensive conservation plans and provide clues for understanding mechanisms affecting genetic variation, adaptation and evolution. Developing genomic tools and resources including genomic libraries and a genetic map of the California condor is a prerequisite for identification of candidate loci for a heritable embryonic lethal condition. The white-throated sparrow exhibits a stable genetic polymorphism (i.e. chromosomal rearrangements) associated with variation in morphology, physiology, and behavior (e.g., aggression, social behavior, sexual behavior, parental care). In this paper we outline the utility of these species as well as report on recent advances in the study of their genomes. Results: Genotyping of the condor resource population at 17 microsatellite loci provided a better assessment of the current population's genetic variation. Specific New World vulture repeats were found in the condor genome. Using condor BAC library and clones, chicken-condor comparative maps were generated. A condor fibroblast cell line transcriptome was characterized using the 454 sequencing technology. Our karyotypic analyses of the sparrow in combination with other studies indicate that the rearrangements in both chromosomes 2(m) and 3(a) are complex and likely involve multiple inversions, interchromosomal linkage, and pleiotropy. At least a portion of the rearrangement in chromosome 2(m) existed in the common ancestor of the four North American species of Zonotrichia, but not in the one South American species, and that the 2(m) form, originally thought to be the derived condition, might actually be the ancestral one. Conclusion: Mining and characterization of candidate loci in the California condor using molecular genetic and genomic techniques as well as linkage and comparative genomic mapping will eventually enable the identification of carriers of the chondrodystrophy allele, resulting in improved genetic management of this disease. In the white-throated sparrow, genomic studies, combined with ecological data, will help elucidate the basis of genic selection in a natural population. Morphs of the sparrow provide us with a unique opportunity to study intraspecific genomic differences, which have resulted from two separate yet linked evolutionary trajectories. Such results can transform our understanding of evolutionary and conservation biology.

Item Type: Article
Additional information: Proceedings of the Avian Genomics Conference and Gene Ontology Annotation Workshop. Starkville, MS, USA, 19-22 May 2008. Edited by Susan M Bridges, Shane C Burgess and Fiona M McCarthy
Uncontrolled keywords: white-throated sparrow; alternative reproductive strategies; Zonotrichia albicollis Gmelin;aggrecan gene; chromosomal polymorphism; California condors; overgo hybridization; plumage polymorphism; chicken genome; parental care
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Divisions: Faculties > Sciences > School of Biosciences > Biomedical Research Group
Depositing User: M. Romanov
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2013 16:32 UTC
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2018 09:30 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/37543 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Romanov, Michael N: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3584-4644
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