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Forest diversity, tobacco production and resource management in Tanzania

Sauer, Johannes, Abdallah, Jumanne M. (2007) Forest diversity, tobacco production and resource management in Tanzania. Forest Policy and Economics, 9 (5). pp. 421-439. ISSN 1389-9341. (doi:10.1016/j.forpol.2005.10.007) (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) (KAR id:3212)

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This paper aims to deliver empirical evidence on the links between production efficiency, biodiversity, and resourcemanagement by analysing a case study on small-scale tobacco production in the Miombo woodlands in Tanzania. Thesubsistence nature of tobacco production in Tanzania suggests that most power-driven equipments, fertilizers and sustainablecrop processing technologies are beyond the reach of most small-scale tobacco growers. The consequence is that in order toexpand their production, tobacco farmers heavily substitute such inputs by an increasing use of wood. Hence, an increasingamount of forest land is cleared by the farmers resulting in forest degradation and a loss of biodiversity. This study determines ina first step the efficiency of tobacco production bordering the Miombo woodlands in Tanzania as well as investigates factors forthe relative inefficiency on farm level. In a second step, the relation between forest species diversity in the surroundingwoodlands and tobacco production efficiency as well as between diversity and the type of institutional arrangement with respectto forest management are empirically analysed. The results indicate that the different efficiency measures vary widely over thesample, showing a significant positive effect of the curing technology–i.e., the design of the barn–and the source of thefirewood. The majority of farmers produce with increasing returns to scale. A strong positive correlation between the tobaccoproduction efficiency and forest diversity as well as between community-based arrangements and forest diversity is revealed.This suggests that an increase in agricultural production efficiency with respect to tobacco is conducive for environmentalsustainability in Tanzania. It finally supports property rights-based institutional arrangements for the management of forestresources as such motivate the sustainable management of unreserved forest resources.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1016/j.forpol.2005.10.007
Uncontrolled keywords: Forest diversity; Efficiency analysis; Resource management; DEA; 2SLS
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
S Agriculture > SD Forestry
Divisions: Divisions > Kent Business School - Division > Kent Business School
Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Economics > Centre for European Agri-Environmental Studies (CEAS)
Depositing User: Suzanne Duffy
Date Deposited: 14 May 2008 07:21 UTC
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2021 14:08 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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