Liu, E. and Dore, John C. and Webber, J. Beau W. and Khushalani, S. and Findenegg, G.H. and Hansen, Thomas (2006) Neutron diffraction and NMR relaxation studies of structural variation and phase transformations for water/ice in SBA-15 silica: I. The over-filled case. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 18 (44). pp. 10009-10028. ISSN 0953-8984. (Access to this publication is currently restricted. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)
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Neutron diffraction and NMR relaxation measurements have been made of water/ice in SBA-15, a mesoporous silica constituting an ordered array of cylindrical mesopores of pore diameter similar to 86 angstrom, over the temperature range 180-300 K in a cooling and heating cycle. The over-filled sample shows the initial formation of hexagonal ice on the outside of the silica grains, followed by the nucleation of cubic ice inside the pores at a lower temperature. Neutron scattering profiles for the cubic ice peaks are significantly broadened and indicate a defective structure, as observed in previous experiments on ice formation in sol-gel and MCM-type silicas. Below the pore freezing temperature the intensity of the cubic ice peaks exhibit a significant increase, down to the lowest experimental temperature, indicating a reversible conversion of defective ice to ordered ice crystals. The peak profile analysis for the two ice patterns indicates a systematic variation in the position as a function of temperature, giving values of the expansion coefficients that are slightly lower than other measurements for the bulk phase. NMR results on proton relaxation as a function of temperature indicate the presence of a mobile phase for temperatures below pore freezing that supports the view that there is interconversion between brittle and plastic phases of ice.
|Subjects:||Q Science > QC Physics|
|Divisions:||Faculties > Science Technology and Medical Studies > School of Physical Sciences > Functional Materials Group|
|Depositing User:||J.B.W. Webber|
|Date Deposited:||17 Mar 2009 20:06|
|Last Modified:||08 Jul 2014 10:13|
|Resource URI:||https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/13464 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)|