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Triticale: a general overview of its use in poultry production

Gaviley, Olena V., Katerynych, Oleg O., Ionov, Igor A., Dekhtiarova, Olena O., Griffin, Darren K., Romanov, Michael N. (2024) Triticale: a general overview of its use in poultry production. . MDPI, Basel, Switzerland Encyclopedia (online), Entry 55265. (KAR id:105057)

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Subjects: Agriculture, Dairy & Animal Science.

Contributors: Olena V. Gaviley, Oleg O. Katerynych, Igor A. Ionov, Olena O. Dekhtiarova, Darren K. Griffin, Michael N. Romanov.

Triticale, a hybrid of wheat and rye, is one of the most promising grain crops. In terms of productivity, the level of metabolizable energy, and the composition of essential amino acids, triticale surpasses rye and is not inferior to wheat. It is resistant to the most dangerous diseases and pests. In terms of nutritional value, triticale can compete with wheat, corn, sorghum, and barley. The presence, however, of antinutrients in triticale such as non-starch polysaccharides, alkylresorcinols, and trypsin inhibitors significantly reduces the biological value of this crop. In the global practice of compound feed production, there are many methods and technologies for processing grain raw materials to increase their nutritional value. Enzymatic treatment and extrusion technologies are worthy of special attention. The high content of triticale in the compound feed of poultry breeder flocks should be used effectively, taking into account the characteristics of triticale varieties and climatic conditions. An optimal triticale level in feed (15% for layer and broiler chicks) may improve body weight gain and reduce feed costs when raising replacement young stock. Layer breeder flocks fed a 20% triticale-based diet may have increased egg production, high viability, and flock uniformity. Producing triticale-soy and triticale-sunflower extrudates and supplementing the diet of poultry flocks with essential amino acids represent promising avenues for maximizing the benefits of triticale. Innovative methods of achieving this goal should be further developed and put into practice, particularly given the expansion of triticale's cultivation areas. Poultry producers consistently face the challenges of increasing flock productivity and reducing production costs. Additional issues to be kept in mind include disease control (with a minimum use of antibiotics) for both animals and food crops, animal welfare, and environmental concerns. Balanced feeding plays one of the most crucial roles in poultry production. It needs to meet all the needs of the bird in accordance with age and productivity, providing a diet consisting of the required content of basic nutrients, energy, and biologically active substances including, proteins, amino acids, and carbohydrates. Moreover, in order to expand the fodder base in the worldwide poultry industry, the sustained expansion of the harvesting area of cereal crops that are more resistant to climate change is essential. Cereals are the main component of poultry feed. Conventionally, corn and wheat are most widely used for this purpose.

Item Type: Internet publication
Additional information: Encyclopedia Entry 55265. This entry is adapted from
Uncontrolled keywords: triticale; poultry farming; feeds; chickens; amino acids; antinutrients; enzymatic treatment; extrudates
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies of Reproduction
Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Biosciences
Signature Themes: Food Systems, Natural Resources and Environment
Funders: University of Kent (
Depositing User: Mike Romanov
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2024 08:41 UTC
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2024 13:33 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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