Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Co-creativity between music producers and ‘smart’ versus ‘naive’ generative systems in a melody composition Task

van den Oever, Marinus, Saunders, Rob, Jordanous, Anna (2023) Co-creativity between music producers and ‘smart’ versus ‘naive’ generative systems in a melody composition Task. In: 2023 14th International Conference on Computational Creativity. . Associations for Computational Creativity, Waterloo, Canada (KAR id:101968)


Research in computational co-creativity frequently focuses on technical performance of computational systems and subjective quality of end-products. How computational co-creative systems impact the creative process of users has received less attention. This paper reports on a two-way double-blind crossover study to investigate how the creative processes of thirteen electronic music producers were impacted while interacting with two computational co-creative systems providing melody suggestions. The two systems shared a common user interface, however, the ‘smart’ co-creative system suggested melodies that expanded on producers’ input melodies, while the ‘naive’ co-creative system produced melodies unrelated to the producers’ inputs. To capture participants’ subjective experience, aspects of creativity were rated on Likert scales and further explored with semi-structured interviews. Each system’s output and producer’s intermediate melodies were compared for change (in compositions), dissimilarity (new AI generated elements), and adoption (into melodies). Producers considered the ‘smart’ co-creative system to produce the most novel and valuable contributions to their process. Outputs from the ‘naive’ co-creative system were judged to be more dissimilar than smart expansions. Nonetheless, the changes that producers incorporated into their intermediate melodies were similar between the systems. This study suggests that co-creative interactions can stimulate the creative process by offering both related and unrelated musical suggestions.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Paper)
Subjects: M Music and Books on Music > M Music
Q Science > Q Science (General) > Q335 Artificial intelligence
Q Science > QA Mathematics (inc Computing science) > QA 76 Software, computer programming, > QA76.575 Multimedia systems
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical Sciences > School of Computing
University-wide institutes > Institute of Cultural and Creative Industries
Depositing User: Anna Jordanous
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2023 11:58 UTC
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2023 15:44 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.