The treatment of severe self-injurious behavior by the systematic fading of restraints: Effects on self-injury, self-restraint, adaptive behavior, and behavioral correlates of affect

Oliver, C. and Hall, S. and Hales, J. and Murphy, G.H. and Watts, D. (1998) The treatment of severe self-injurious behavior by the systematic fading of restraints: Effects on self-injury, self-restraint, adaptive behavior, and behavioral correlates of affect. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 19 (2). pp. 143-165. ISSN 0891-4222. (The full text of this publication is not available from this repository)

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Abstract

Severe self-injurious behavior (SIB) in people with mental retardation is difficult to treat when dangerously frequent or intense responding rules out functional analysis and interventions that permit free responding. This situation is common when restrictive devices, such as straight arm splints, are used. In this study, the effects of introducing flexion into a straight-arm splint, on SIB, self-restraint, adaptive behavior, and behavioral correlates of affect were examined for three individuals with severe mental retardation. Using single-case design methodology, for two individuals self-injury was reduced to zero, while the overall level of restriction was also significantly reduced. From the observed behavioral correlates of affect, there was no evidence of an increase in negative affect with the introduction of the new splint and the fading procedure, but there was evidence of an increase in positive vocalizations. Engagement in activities and social contact were not affected by the introduction of the new splint. The reasons for a decrease in SIB with a corresponding decrease in restriction in the absence of any manipulation of contingencies for SIB are discussed with particular reference to stimulus control.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Social Policy Sociology and Social Research > Tizard
Depositing User: M.A. Ziai
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2009 10:47
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2009 10:47
Resource URI: http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/17479 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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