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Gender-Based Violence Without a Legal Gender: Imagining Single-Sex Services in Conditions of Decertification

Renz, Flora (2023) Gender-Based Violence Without a Legal Gender: Imagining Single-Sex Services in Conditions of Decertification. Feminist Legal Studies, 31 (1). pp. 43-66. ISSN 0966-3622. E-ISSN 1572-8455. (doi:10.1007/s10691-022-09511-8) (KAR id:99186)


This article considers what the implications of gender decertification would be for single-sex services such as domestic and sexual violence support. Some reform options attached to decertification could (re) allocate authority away from the state to organisations or individuals to determine gender criteria. What would be the consequences of such re-allocation in determining eligibility to receive or access services or excluding people on the basis of a characteristic protected under equality law? Engaging with this in the context of domestic and sexual violence support service provision raises a number of questions: Firstly does the existence of gender-based violence and/or of the effects it produces require a stable category in order to address them? What benefits may emerge from providing single sex spaces that could not be replicated in other settings? And finally, what criteria of exclusion and inclusion are currently used to determine access to spaces beyond legal gender status?

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1007/s10691-022-09511-8
Projects: The Future of Legal Gender
Additional information: For the purpose of open access, the author has applied a CC BY public copyright licence to any Author Accepted Manuscript version arising from this submission.
Uncontrolled keywords: Decertification, Equality act, Gender equality, Legal gender
Subjects: H Social Sciences
K Law > KD England and Wales
Divisions: Divisions > Division for the Study of Law, Society and Social Justice > Kent Law School
Funders: Economic and Social Research Council (
Depositing User: Flora Renz
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2022 12:57 UTC
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2024 00:00 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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