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GLOSTAR — Radio Source Catalog II: 28◦ < l < 36◦ and |b| < 1◦,VLA B-configuration

Dzib, S.A., Yang, A.Y., Urquhart, J.S., Medina, S.-N. X., Brunthaler, A., Menten, K.M., Wyrowski, F., Cotton, W.D., Dokara, R., Ortiz-León, G.N., and others. (2022) GLOSTAR — Radio Source Catalog II: 28◦ < l < 36◦ and |b| < 1◦,VLA B-configuration. Astronomy & Astrophysics, . ISSN 0004-6361. E-ISSN 1432-0746. (In press) (KAR id:97287)


As part of the Global View on Star Formation (GLOSTAR) survey we have used the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) in its B-configuration to observe the part of the Galactic plane between longitudes of 28◦ and 36◦ and latitudes from −1◦ to +1◦ at the C-band (4–8 GHz). To reduce the contamination of extended sources that are not well recovered by our coverage of the (u, v)-plane we discarded short baselines that are sensitive to emission on angular scales < 4′′. The resulting radio continuum images have an angular resolution of 1.′′0, and a sensitivity of ∼ 60 μJy beam−1; making it the most sensitive radio survey covering a large area of the Galactic plane with this angular resolution. An automatic source extraction algorithm was used in combination with visual inspection to identify a total of 3325 radio sources. A total of 1457 radio sources are ≥ 7σ and comprise our highly reliable catalog; 72 of these are grouped as 22 fragmented sources, e.g., multiple components of an extended and resolved source. To explore the nature of the catalogued radio sources we searched for counterparts at millimeter and infrared wavelengths. Our classification attempts resulted in 93 H ii region candidates, 104 radio stars, 64 planetary nebulae, while most of the remaining radio sources are suggested to be extragalactic sources. We investigated the spectral indices (α, S ν ∝ να) of radio sources classified as H ii region candidates and found that many have negative values. This may imply that these radio sources represent young stellar objects that are members of the star clusters around the high mass stars that excite the H ii regions, but not these H ii regions themselves. By comparing the peak flux densities from the GLOSTAR and CORNISH surveys we have identified 49 variable radio sources, most of them with an unknown nature. Additionally, we provide the list of 1866 radio sources detected within 5 to 7σ levels.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: catalogues ISM: H II radio continuum: general radio continuum: ISM techniques: interferometry
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Funders: University of Kent (
Depositing User: James Urquhart
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2022 10:19 UTC
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2022 11:27 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Urquhart, J.S..

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Billington, S.J..

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