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Private, National, and International Food-Safety Standards

Buzby, Jean C., Mitchell, Lorraine (2006) Private, National, and International Food-Safety Standards. Journal of Food Distribution Research, 37 (1). pp. 1-6. (doi:10.22004/ag.econ.8563) (KAR id:96791)

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Just as international food and agricultural trade has increased over time, food safety has become increasingly important. This paper discusses the economic framework of food safety and international food trade. Both the private and public sectors within individual countries have incentives to improve food safety, and as a result they have taken many actions to reduce food-safety risks, often in the form of private, national, and international standards that they impose of firms. The first half of this article discusses these issues. Differences in standards across borders can lead to trade conflicts whose resolutions depend on the distribution of costs and benefits from the manufacture, trade, and consumption of safe food. The second half of this article presents a framework of three main types of international outcomes arising from differing food-safety standards, with examples from both the public and private sectors.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.22004/ag.econ.8563
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Economics
Funders: Government of the United States of America (
Depositing User: Lorraine Mitchell
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2022 17:35 UTC
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2022 12:52 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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