Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Agriculture in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: Tariffs, Tariff-Rate Quotas, and Non-Tariff Measures

Arita, Shawn, Mitchell, Lorraine, Burfisher, Mary, Beckman, Jayson (2015) Agriculture in the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: Tariffs, Tariff-Rate Quotas, and Non-Tariff Measures. Economic Research Report (212886). Report number: 10.22004/ag.econ.212886. United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, 54 pp. (doi:10.22004/ag.econ.212886) (KAR id:96786)


The proposed Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (T-TIP) between the United States and the European Union (EU) aims to address several important barriers facing agricultural trade, including tariffs, tariff-rate quotas (TRQs), and non-tariff measures (NTMs). Estimated ad valorem tariff equivalents of tariffs/TRQs and NTMs currently in place are as high as 120 percent, significantly limiting trade between the two regions. This study uses model simulations to assess the effects of T-TIP on agriculture under three broad scenarios: complete removal of tariffs and TRQs; elimination of select NTMs along with tariffs and TRQs; and a lowering of the willingness of consumers to purchase imported goods previously limited by NTMs. Results of all scenarios suggest an increase in U.S.-EU agricultural trade from T-TIP, benefiting both regions. While the United States realizes a relative increase in agricultural exports, the EU benefits from lower import prices and larger macroeconomic gains than the United States. The estimated annual increase in U.S.-EU agricultural trade ranges from $6.3 billion to $11.6 billion when compared with the 2011 base year.

Item Type: Research report (external)
DOI/Identification number: 10.22004/ag.econ.212886
Uncontrolled keywords: Agribusiness, Agricultural and Food Policy, International Relations/Trade, Livestock Production/Indu
Subjects: H Social Sciences
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Economics
Depositing User: Lorraine Mitchell
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2022 17:08 UTC
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2022 17:10 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Mitchell, Lorraine.

Creator's ORCID:
CReDIT Contributor Roles:
  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.