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Safeguarding imperiled biodiversity and evolutionary processes in the Wallacea center of endemism

Struebig, Matthew J., Aninta, Sabhrina Gita, Davies, Zoe G., Lo, Michaela, Voigt, Maria, Beger, Maria, Bani, Alessia, Barus, Henry, Brace, Selina, Brauwer, Maarten de, and others. (2022) Safeguarding imperiled biodiversity and evolutionary processes in the Wallacea center of endemism. BioScience, 72 (11). pp. 1118-1130. ISSN 0006-3568. E-ISSN 1525-3244. (doi:10.1093/biosci/biac085) (KAR id:96640)

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Wallacea - the meeting point between the Asian and Australian fauna - is one of the world’s largest centers of endemism. Twenty-three million years of complex geological history have given rise to a living laboratory for the study of evolution and biodiversity, highly vulnerable to anthropogenic pressures. Here we review the historic and contemporary processes shaping Wallacea’s biodiversity and explore ways to conserve its unique ecosystems. While remoteness has spared many Wallacean islands from the severe overexploitation that characterizes many tropical regions, industrial-scale expansion of agriculture, mining, quaculture and fisheries is damaging terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, denuding endemics from communities, and threatening a long-term legacy of impoverished human populations. An impending biodiversity catastrophe demands collaborative actions to improve community-based management, minimize environmental impacts, monitor threatened species and reduce wildlife trade. Securing a positive future for Wallacea’s imperiled ecosystems requires a fundamental shift away from managing marine and terrestrial realms independently.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1093/biosci/biac085
Projects: Biodiversity, environmental change and land-use policy in Sulawesi and Maluku
Additional information: For the purpose of open access, the author has applied a CC BY public copyright licence (where permitted by UKRI, an Open Government Licence or CC BY ND public copyright licence may be used instead) to any Author Accepted Manuscript version arising.
Uncontrolled keywords: conservation, evolution, interdisciplinary science, tropical ecosystems, applied ecology
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Funders: Natural Environment Research Council (
Leverhulme Trust (
Depositing User: Matthew Struebig
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2022 09:14 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2023 13:36 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Struebig, Matthew J.:
Davies, Zoe G.:
Herrera-Alsina, Leonel:
Meijaard, Erik:
Mitchell,, Simon L.:
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