Local Community Attitudes to Wildlife Utilisation in the changing economic and social context of Mongolia

Pratt, D.G. and MacMillan, Douglas C. and Gordon, I.J. (2004) Local Community Attitudes to Wildlife Utilisation in the changing economic and social context of Mongolia. Biodiversity and Conservation, 13 (3). pp. 591-613. ISSN 0960-3115. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided)

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In recent years illegal hunting has increased in Mongolia, putting considerable pressure on large mammals populations. The causes for this phenomenon lie in increasing rural poverty, ineffective policies to regulate hunting, as well as a ready market for many wildlife products in the Chinese medicine markets of east Asia. It is now accepted that biodiversity is ultimately lost or conserved at the local level and it is therefore imperative that the perspectives of the local people are better understood if wildlife management programmes are to be sustainable. This research uses a 'grounded theory' approach to investigate local community attitudes to wildlife utilisation and to explore what local people consider as a sustainable wildlife management strategy in remoter regions of Mongolia. The findings clearly suggest that the current situation is not conducive to sustainability either of wildlife populations or human livelihoods. Important changes are needed if sustainability is to be achieved, including alterations to property rights, greater government support, and improved marketing skills and employment opportunities from wildlife. Linked to all of the above points is the need to address the serious information deficit experienced in rural Mongolia to enable local people to examine critically the issues at hand and to participate actively in solutions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Community attitudes - Mongolia - Poaching - Wildlife utilisation
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Faculties > Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Douglas MacMillan
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2008 11:21
Last Modified: 30 May 2014 08:37
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/9661 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
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