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Joint machine learning analysis of muon spectroscopy data from different materials

Tula, Tymoteusz, Möller, Gunnar, Quintanilla, Jorge, Giblin, S R, Hillier, A D, McCabe, Emma E., Ramos, Silvia, Barker, D S, Gibson, Stuart J. (2022) Joint machine learning analysis of muon spectroscopy data from different materials. In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2164 (1). 012018. IOP Publishing (doi:10.1088/1742-6596/2164/1/012018) (KAR id:96309)


Machine learning (ML) methods have proved to be a very successful tool in physical sciences, especially when applied to experimental data analysis. Artificial intelligence is particularly good at recognizing patterns in high dimensional data, where it usually outperforms humans. Here we applied a simple ML tool called principal component analysis (PCA) to study data from muon spectroscopy. The measured quantity from this experiment is an asymmetry function, which holds the information about the average intrinsic magnetic field of the sample. A change in the asymmetry function might indicate a phase transition; however, these changes can be very subtle, and existing methods of analyzing the data require knowledge about the specific physics of the material. PCA is an unsupervised ML tool, which means that no assumption about the input data is required, yet we found that it still can be successfully applied to asymmetry curves, and the indications of phase transitions can be recovered. The method was applied to a range of magnetic materials with different underlying physics. We discovered that performing PCA on all those materials simultaneously can have a positive effect on the clarity of phase transition indicators and can also improve the detection of the most important variations of asymmetry functions. For this joint PCA we introduce a simple way to track the contributions from different materials for a more meaningful analysis.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item (Paper)
DOI/Identification number: 10.1088/1742-6596/2164/1/012018
Additional information: For the purpose of open access, the author has applied a CC BY public copyright licence (where permitted by UKRI, an Open Government Licence or CC BY ND public copyright licence may be used instead) to any Author Accepted Manuscript version arising
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Funders: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (
Depositing User: Tymoteusz Tula
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2022 10:41 UTC
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2024 11:23 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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