Skip to main content
Kent Academic Repository

Investigating Motivations Underlying Collective Narcissism and In-group Identification

Eker, Irem, Cichocka, Aleksandra, Sibley, Chris G. (2023) Investigating Motivations Underlying Collective Narcissism and In-group Identification. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 26 (3). pp. 669-695. ISSN 1368-4302. E-ISSN 1461-7188. (doi:10.1177/13684302221081470) (KAR id:95111)


We draw on self-determination theory and research on religious orientations to investigate motivations associated with collective narcissism—a belief in in-group greatness that is underappreciated by others—versus secure in-group identity, an unpretentious positive regard for the in-group. Four surveys examined these associations focusing on different social identities: personally important groups (Study 1, N = 212), nationalities (Study 2, N = 196), and religious groups (Study 3, N = 1,690; Study 4, N = 399). In Studies 1, 2, and 4, self-determined motivations were associated with secure in-group identity, whereas non-self-determined motivations were related to collective narcissism. In Studies 3 and 4, intrinsic religiosity was related to collective narcissism and secure in-group identity, while extrinsic personal religiosity was associated with collective narcissism only. Results indicate that collective narcissism is motivated by seeking external and internal rewards.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/13684302221081470
Uncontrolled keywords: collective narcissism, in-group identification, self-determination
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Funders: University of Kent (
Depositing User: Aleksandra Cichocka
Date Deposited: 19 May 2022 13:32 UTC
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2023 11:20 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

  • Depositors only (login required):

Total unique views for this document in KAR since July 2020. For more details click on the image.