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The SEDIGISM survey: Molecular cloud morphology I. Classification and star formation

Neralwar, K.R., Colombo, D., Duarte-Cabral, A., Urquhart, J.S., Mattern, M., Wyrowski, F., Menten, K.M., Barnes, P., Sánchez-Monge, Á., Beuther, H., and others. (2022) The SEDIGISM survey: Molecular cloud morphology I. Classification and star formation. Astronomy and Astrophysics, . ISSN 0004-6361. (In press) (doi:10.1051/0004-6361/202142428) (KAR id:94987)

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https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202142428

Abstract

We present one of the very first extensive classifications of a large sample of molecular clouds based on their morphology. This is achieved using a recently published catalogue of 10663 clouds obtained from the first data release of the SEDIGISM survey. The clouds are classified into four different morphologies by visual inspection and using an automated algorithm – J plots. The visual inspection also serves as a test for the J plots algorithm, as this is the first time it has been used on molecular gas. Generally, it has been found that the structure of molecular clouds is highly filamentary and our observations indeed verify that most of our molecular clouds are elongated structures. Based on our visual classification of the 10663 SEDIGISM clouds, 15% are ring-like, 57% are elongated, 15% are concentrated and 10% are clumpy clouds. The remaining clouds do not belong to any of these morphology classes and are termed unclassified. We compare the SEDIGISM molecular clouds with structures identified through other surveys, i.e. ATLASGAL elongated structures and the bubbles from Milky Way Project (MWP). We find that many of the ATLASGAL and MWP structures are velocity coherent. ATLASGAL elongated structures overlap with ≈ 21% of the SEDIGISM elongated structures (elongated and clumpy clouds) and MWP bubbles overlap with ≈ 25% of the SEDIGISM ring-like clouds. We also analyse the starformation associated with different cloud morphologies using two different techniques. The first technique examines star formation efficiency (SFE) and the dense gas fraction (DGF), based on SEDIGISM clouds and ATLASGAL clumps data. The second technique uses the high-mass star formation (HMSF) threshold for molecular clouds. The results indicate that clouds with ring-like and clumpy morphologies show a higher degree of star formation.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1051/0004-6361/202142428
Uncontrolled keywords: ISM: clouds – local insterstellar matter – ISM: bubbles – Stars: formation – Submillimeter: ISM
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy > QB460 Astrophysics
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: James Urquhart
Date Deposited: 11 May 2022 10:56 UTC
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2022 11:48 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/94987 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Urquhart, J.S.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1605-8050
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