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Singing and COPD: a pilot randomized controlled trial of wellbeing and respiratory outcomes

Clift, Stephen, Skingley, Ann, Dickinson, John W., Meadows, Steve (2022) Singing and COPD: a pilot randomized controlled trial of wellbeing and respiratory outcomes. Journal of Music, Health and Wellbeing, Spring . ISSN 2515-981X. (KAR id:94881)

Abstract

Aims/objectives

To test whether a ten-week regular weekly group singing programme, with guided home practice, leads to improvement in COPD-specific health status, as assessed by the COPD Assessment Test (CAT, primary outcome). To test whether the programme results in changes to health-related quality of life, mental health, breathlessness, lung function, functional exercise performance and breathing patterns (secondary outcomes).

Rationale

A number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) exist which suggest that there are potential benefits to health and wellbeing of regular singing for people with COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). However, most rely on small samples, and findings across the different outcome measures are inconsistent, while interview studies tend to report consistent positive physical and psychological outcomes. Further research is therefore needed.

Approach

A single-blind, randomized controlled trial compared a structured, weekly group singing programme plus home practice between sessions over ten weeks, with a usual COPD treatment control. The sample was drawn from a local NHS population of people with COPD. Following baseline assessments, participants were allocated to a 10-week singing programme or a control.

Findings

Twenty-four individuals completed to follow-up. Measures at 12 weeks showed no significant differences between singing and control groups except for one item on the health status questionnaire (SF-36) which suggested the singers were less limited in their activities of daily living post-singing. Final follow-up, planned for 6 months post intervention, was aborted due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Discussion and conclusion

The study failed to recruit to target. There remains a recruitment problem in RCTs of singing for COPD, resulting in inconclusive findings, which conflict with the positive qualitative evidence. A wide variety of research methods, as well as RCTs, are suggested to enable a better understanding of the impact of singing on COPD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled keywords: Singing; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD); Randomized Controlled Trial; COPD Assessment Test; Structured Light Plethysmography
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Natural Sciences > Sport and Exercise Sciences
Depositing User: John Dickinson
Date Deposited: 04 May 2022 13:27 UTC
Last Modified: 06 May 2022 12:36 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/94881 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Dickinson, John W.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1824-7402
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