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Propaganda in Metaxas' Greece 1936-1940

Petrakis, Marina (2001) Propaganda in Metaxas' Greece 1936-1940. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent. (doi:10.22024/UniKent/01.02.94582) (KAR id:94582)

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The thesis addresses the issue of propaganda in Greece during Metaxas’ dictatorship between 1936 and 1940. It aims to analyse the organisation and objectives of official propaganda and to assess its effectiveness; whether it achieved its stated objectives.

The introduction provides an overview of the historical and political context of propaganda as it developed in the twentieth century and its relevance to Metaxas’ regime. A concise reference to the primary and secondary sources used on Metaxas’ propaganda is also made. Chapter 1 deals with the press, the regime’s most effective instrument of propaganda, its organisation, structure and objectives under the ‘Fourth of August’ dictatorship, and with the establishment and function of Metaxas’ Youth. Chapter 2 considers one of the most significant themes disseminated by the regime’s propaganda, The Metaxas’ Myth, and the techniques and means used for its effective propagation. Chapter 3 examines the cinema as an important propaganda medium and the themes disseminated, while Chapter 4 considers the potentiality of the theatre as a major propagandistic instrument in reference to the themes of the ‘regeneration of Greece’ and the ‘Third Greek Civilisation’. Chapter 5 looks at the radio, Metaxas’ very own medium of political persuasion, its establishment and organisational developments. Chapter 6 analyses critically the impact of the Metaxas’ propaganda. Chapter 7 concludes.

The conclusions I draw are that Metaxas’ regime used every means of mass communication, which it fully controlled, to disseminate its beliefs and ideology. In this effort the regime’s propaganda adopted most of the techniques used by totalitarian states like Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. However, evidence suggests that the impact of Metaxas’ propaganda was not the expected one and left the majority of the Greek people indifferent and in many cases it provoked a hostile attitude towards the regime.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
Thesis advisor: Welch, David
DOI/Identification number: 10.22024/UniKent/01.02.94582
Additional information: This thesis has been digitised by EThOS, the British Library digitisation service, for purposes of preservation and dissemination. It was uploaded to KAR on 25 April 2022 in order to hold its content and record within University of Kent systems. It is available Open Access using a Creative Commons Attribution, Non-commercial, No Derivatives ( licence so that the thesis and its author, can benefit from opportunities for increased readership and citation. This was done in line with University of Kent policies ( If you feel that your rights are compromised by open access to this thesis, or if you would like more information about its availability, please contact us at and we will seriously consider your claim under the terms of our Take-Down Policy (
Uncontrolled keywords: Dictator; Greek; Official; Myth; Communication
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
D History General and Old World > DF Greece
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Arts and Humanities > School of History
SWORD Depositor: SWORD Copy
Depositing User: SWORD Copy
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2022 14:09 UTC
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2023 09:25 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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