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The vegetation systems of East Kent colliery and a study of the factors limiting their development

Gilchrist, Peter John (2004) The vegetation systems of East Kent colliery and a study of the factors limiting their development. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, Canterbury Christ Church University College. (doi:10.22024/UniKent/01.02.94367) (KAR id:94367)


The ecological restoration of derelict and contaminated land necessarily focuses on the establishment of self-sustaining vegetation to provide; stability, pollution control and improved visual appearance to the land. The colliery waste, on the three sites investigated in this research, is deficient in plant resources. However, plants do colonise it. The species richness and functional composition of the vegetation, and associated mycorrhizal symbionts, have been investigated on these resource-limited substrata. The effects of environmental gradients, especially of nitrogen, on vegetation systems were used to gain an understanding of the ecological processes which operate in successional vegetation systems. The findings enabled the better understanding of functional components of the developing vegetation systems and what major parameters limit them. The findings have also been used in developing ecological restoration strategies.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
DOI/Identification number: 10.22024/UniKent/01.02.94367
Additional information: This thesis has been digitised by EThOS, the British Library digitisation service, for purposes of preservation and dissemination. It was uploaded to KAR on 25 April 2022 in order to hold its content and record within University of Kent systems. It is available Open Access using a Creative Commons Attribution, Non-commercial, No Derivatives ( licence so that the thesis and its author, can benefit from opportunities for increased readership and citation. This was done in line with University of Kent policies ( If you feel that your rights are compromised by open access to this thesis, or if you would like more information about its availability, please contact us at and we will seriously consider your claim under the terms of our Take-Down Policy (
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH541 Ecology
SWORD Depositor: SWORD Copy
Depositing User: SWORD Copy
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2023 09:18 UTC
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2023 09:21 UTC
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