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The role of trade in the economic diversification of Brunel Darussalam

Ahmad Ariffin, May Faezah (2009) The role of trade in the economic diversification of Brunel Darussalam. Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent. (doi:10.22024/UniKent/01.02.94152) (KAR id:94152)

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Brunei’s intention to diversify the economy away from oil and gas had become a national development objective since the beginning of the third National Development Plan in 1975. There were two major policy initiatives to achieve this: the establishment of a ministry responsible for promoting and facilitating the non-oil industrial development in 1989 and the formation of an industrial development board in 1996. By evaluating the progress made in the development of non-oil trade, this thesis will be the first to analyse the Brunei diversification policy efforts using disaggregated trade data. The main finding is that there is evidence that economic diversification has taken place, although the process has not been rapid. The types of products that can be promoted as a strategy for the diversification policy and their potential markets have also been identified. These include garments, metal manufacturing and fish products. It is also found that there is a need for improvement in the competitiveness of these products.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctor of Philosophy (PhD))
DOI/Identification number: 10.22024/UniKent/01.02.94152
Additional information: This thesis has been digitised by EThOS, the British Library digitisation service, for purposes of preservation and dissemination. It was uploaded to KAR on 25 April 2022 in order to hold its content and record within University of Kent systems. It is available Open Access using a Creative Commons Attribution, Non-commercial, No Derivatives ( licence so that the thesis and its author, can benefit from opportunities for increased readership and citation. This was done in line with University of Kent policies ( If you feel that your rights are compromised by open access to this thesis, or if you would like more information about its availability, please contact us at and we will seriously consider your claim under the terms of our Take-Down Policy (
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Economics
SWORD Depositor: SWORD Copy
Depositing User: SWORD Copy
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2022 14:34 UTC
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2022 14:34 UTC
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