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Forecasting Stalking Recidivism Using the Guidelines for Stalking Assessment and Management (SAM)

Coupland, Sarah, Storey, Jennifer E., Kropp, P. Randall, Hart, Stephen D. (2023) Forecasting Stalking Recidivism Using the Guidelines for Stalking Assessment and Management (SAM). Assessment, 30 (4). pp. 1168-1181. ISSN 1073-1911. E-ISSN 1552-3489. (doi:10.1177/10731911221086050) (KAR id:93988)


We examined the long-term risk for stalking recidivism and the predictive validity of ratings made using the Guidelines for Stalking Assessment and Management (SAM) in 100 stalking offenders from a forensic clinic. Overall, 45 offenders were convicted of, charged with, or the subject of police investigation for stalking-related offenses during a potential time at risk that averaged 13.47 years. Survival analyses using the Cox proportional hazards model indicated that a composite score of the presence of SAM risk factors was significantly predictive of recidivism and had significant incremental validity relative to total scores on two scales commonly used in violence risk assessment, the Screening Version of the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL:SV) and the Violence Risk Appraisal Guide (VRAG). Overall ratings of risk made using the SAM, however, were not significantly predictive of recidivism. We discuss potential uses of the SAM in stalking risk assessment and provide recommendations for future research.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1177/10731911221086050
Uncontrolled keywords: stalking; violence risk assessment; Guidelines for Stalking Assessment and Management; structured professional judgment
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Funders: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (
Depositing User: Jennifer Storey
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2022 10:12 UTC
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2024 18:22 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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