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Aligning ecological compensation policies with the Post‐2020 Global Biodiversity Framework to achieve real net gain in biodiversity

Jeremy, Simmonds, von Hase, Amrei, Quétier, Fabien, Brownlie, Susie, Maron, Martine, Possingham, Hugh, Souquet, Mathieu, zu Ermgassen, Sophus O.S.E., ten Kate, Kerry, Costa, Hugo, and others. (2022) Aligning ecological compensation policies with the Post‐2020 Global Biodiversity Framework to achieve real net gain in biodiversity. Conservation Science and Practice, 4 (3). Article Number e12634. E-ISSN 2578-4854. (doi:10.1111/csp2.12634) (KAR id:93542)


Increasingly, government and corporate policies on ecological compensation (e.g., offsetting) are requiring “net gain” outcomes for biodiversity. This presents an opportunity to align development with the United Nations Conven-tion on Biological Diversity Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework's (GBF) proposed ambition for overall biodiversity recovery. In this perspective, we describe three conditions that should be accounted for in net gain policy to align outcomes with biodiversity recovery goals: namely, a requirement for residual losses from development to be compensated for by (1) absolute gains,which are (2) scaled to the achievement of explicit biodiversity targets, where(3) gains are demonstrably feasible. We show that few current policies meet these conditions, which risks undermining efforts to achieve the proposed Post-2020 GBF milestones and goals, as well as other jurisdictional policy imperatives to halt and reverse biodiversity decline. To guide future decision-making, we provide a supporting decision tree outlining net gain compensation feasibility.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1111/csp2.12634
Uncontrolled keywords: biodiversity offset, Convention on Biological Diversity, environmental impact assessment,mitigation hierarchy, net positive impact, no net loss, sustainable development, target-basedecological compensation, threatened ecosystems, threatened species
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
J Political Science > JF Political institutions and public administration
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Sophus Zu-Ermgassen
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2022 18:35 UTC
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2022 09:55 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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zu Ermgassen, Sophus O.S.E..

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