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Initial Upper Palaeolithic humans in Europe had recent Neanderthal ancestry

Hajdinjak, Mateja, Mafessoni, Fabrizio, Skov, Laurits, Vernot, Benjamin, Hübner, Alexander, Fu, Qiaomei, Essel, Elena, Nagel, Sarah, Nickel, Birgit, Richter, Julia, and others. (2021) Initial Upper Palaeolithic humans in Europe had recent Neanderthal ancestry. Nature, 592 . pp. 253-257. ISSN 0028-0836. E-ISSN 1476-4687. (doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03335-3) (KAR id:92846)


Modern humans appeared in Europe by at least 45,000 years ago1,2,3,4,5, but the extent of their interactions with Neanderthals, who disappeared by about 40,000 years ago6, and their relationship to the broader expansion of modern humans outside Africa are poorly understood. Here we present genome-wide data from three individuals dated to between 45,930 and 42,580 years ago from Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria1,2. They are the earliest Late Pleistocene modern humans known to have been recovered in Europe so far, and were found in association with an Initial Upper Palaeolithic artefact assemblage. Unlike two previously studied individuals of similar ages from Romania7 and Siberia8 who did not contribute detectably to later populations, these individuals are more closely related to present-day and ancient populations in East Asia and the Americas than to later west Eurasian populations. This indicates that they belonged to a modern human migration into Europe that was not previously known from the genetic record, and provides evidence that there was at least some continuity between the earliest modern humans in Europe and later people in Eurasia. Moreover, we find that all three individuals had Neanderthal ancestors a few generations back in their family history, confirming that the first European modern humans mixed with Neanderthals and suggesting that such mixing could have been common.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1038/s41586-021-03335-3
Uncontrolled keywords: Upper Palaeolithic humans, Neanderthals
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Depositing User: Geoff Smith
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2022 13:12 UTC
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2022 09:18 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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