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A 41,500 year-old decorated ivory pendant from Stajnia Cave (Poland)

Talamo, Sahra, Urbanowski, Mikołaj, Picin, Andrea, Nowaczewska, Wioletta, Vazzana, Antonino, Binkowski, Marcin, Cercatillo, Silvia, Diakowski, Marcin, Fewlass, Helen, Marciszak, Adrian, and others. (2021) A 41,500 year-old decorated ivory pendant from Stajnia Cave (Poland). Scientific Reports, 11 (1). Article Number 22078. ISSN 2045-2322. (doi:10.1038/s41598-021-01221-6) (KAR id:92829)


Evidence of mobiliary art and body augmentation are associated with the cultural innovations introduced by Homo sapiens at the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic. Here, we report the discovery of the oldest known human-modified punctate ornament, a decorated ivory pendant from the Paleolithic layers at Stajnia Cave in Poland. We describe the features of this unique piece, as well as the stratigraphic context and the details of its chronometric dating. The Stajnia Cave plate is a personal 'jewellery' object that was created 41,500 calendar years ago (directly radiocarbon dated). It is the oldest known of its kind in Eurasia and it establishes a new starting date for a tradition directly connected to the spread of modern Homo sapiens in Europe.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1038/s41598-021-01221-6
Uncontrolled keywords: Anthropology, Archaeology, Cultural evolution, Evolution
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CC Archaeology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation
Depositing User: Geoff Smith
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2022 11:29 UTC
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2022 10:50 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

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