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Utility of Human Footprint Pressure Mapping for Large Carnivore Conservation: The Kafue-Zambezi Interface

Lines, Robin, Bormpoudakis, Dimitrios, Xofis, Panteleimon, MacMillan, Douglas C., Pieterse, Lucy, Tzanopoulos, Joseph (2021) Utility of Human Footprint Pressure Mapping for Large Carnivore Conservation: The Kafue-Zambezi Interface. Sustainability, 14 (1). p. 116. ISSN 2071-1050. (doi:10.3390/su14010116) (KAR id:92769)


Proxies and indicators to monitor cumulative human pressures provide useful tools to

model change and understanding threshold pressures at which species can persist, are extirpated, or

might recolonize human-impacted landscapes. We integrated modelling and field observations of

human pressure variables to generate a site-specific, fine scale Human Footprint Pressure map for

39,000 km2 of rangelands at the Kafue–Zambezi interface—a key linkage in the Kavango-Zambezi

Transfrontier Conservation Area. We then modelled Human Footprint Pressure against empirically

derived occurrence data for lion (Panthera leo), leopard (Panthera pardus), and spotted hyena (Crocuta

crocuta) to generate Human Footprint Pressure threshold ranges at which each species were persisting

or extirpated within ten wildlife managed areas linking Kafue National Park to the Zambezi River.

Results overcame many limitations inherent in existing large-scale Human Footprint Pressure models,

providing encouraging direction for this approach. Human Footprint Pressure thresholds were

broadly similar to existing studies, indicating this approach is valid for site- and species-specific

modelling. Model performance would improve as additional datasets become available and with

improved understanding of how asymmetrical and nonlinear threshold responses to footprint pressure change across spatial-temporal scales. However, our approach has broader utility for local and

region-wide conservation planning where mapping and managing human disturbance will help in

managing carnivore species within and without protected area networks.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.3390/su14010116
Uncontrolled keywords: carnivores; Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area; connectivity
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Anthropology and Conservation > DICE (Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology)
Depositing User: Joseph Tzanopoulos
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2022 14:44 UTC
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2022 14:44 UTC
Resource URI: (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)

University of Kent Author Information

Bormpoudakis, Dimitrios.

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MacMillan, Douglas C..

Creator's ORCID:
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Tzanopoulos, Joseph.

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