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Conspiracy mentality and political orientation across 26 countries

Imhoff, Roland, Zimmer, Felix, Klein, Olivier, Antonio, João H.C., Babinska, Maria, Bangerter, Adrian, Bilewicz, Michal, Blanuša, Nebojša, Bovan, Kosta, Bužarovska, Rumena, and others. (2022) Conspiracy mentality and political orientation across 26 countries. Nature Human Behaviour, . E-ISSN 2397-3374. (doi:10.1038/s41562-021-01258-7) (KAR id:92737)

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https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-021-01258-7

Abstract

People differ in their general tendency to endorse conspiracy theories (i.e., conspiracy mentality). Previous research yielded inconsistent findings on the relationship between conspiracy mentality and political orientation, showing a greater conspiracy mentality either among the political right (a linear relation), or among both the left and right extremes (a curvilinear relation). We revisited this relationship across two studies spanning 26 countries (combined N=104,253) and found overall evidence for both linear and quadratic relations, even though small and heterogeneous across countries. We also observed stronger support for

conspiracy mentality among voters of opposition parties (i.e., those deprived of political control).Nonetheless, the quadratic effect of political orientation remained significant when adjusting for political control deprivation. We conclude that conspiracy mentality is associated with extreme left- and especially extreme right-wing beliefs, and that this non-linear relation may be strengthened by, but is not reducible to, deprivation of political control.

Item Type: Article
DOI/Identification number: 10.1038/s41562-021-01258-7
Uncontrolled keywords: human behaviour, politics and international relations
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: Divisions > Division of Human and Social Sciences > School of Psychology
Depositing User: Karen Douglas
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2022 13:01 UTC
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2022 11:52 UTC
Resource URI: https://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/92737 (The current URI for this page, for reference purposes)
Cichocka, Aleksandra: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1703-1586
Douglas, Karen M.: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0381-6924
Sutton, Robbie M.: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1542-1716
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